Schongauer, Martin

(c. 1435-1491)
   German painter and engraver. The son of a goldsmith, Schongauer moved with his family from Augsburg to Colmar in c. 1440, becoming a citizen there in 1445. Twenty years later, he is recorded at the University of Leipzig, though the document does not specify whether he was there as a student receiving an education or as an artist fulfilling a commission. The only painting that can be attributed to him with certainty is the Virgin of the Rose Bower (1473; Colmar, Church of St. Martin), the style of its rendition akin to that of Dirk Bouts and Rogier van der Weyden. Although his mastery is evident in this work, the medium in which he truly excelled was printmaking. Of his engravings, 115 have survived and they too depend on the Netherlandish idiom. The most often discussed print by his hand is the Temptation of St. Anthony (c. 1470-1475), a circular composition with the saint floating in midair while taunted by demonic creatures. The subtle gradations from dark to light, the able draughtsmanship, and the image's emotive power mark Schongauer as one of the most remarkable printmakers in history. His superb talent was to have a great impact on the field of printmaking and to influence Albrecht Dürer who wanted to study with the master, only to hear of his death upon arrival in Colmar.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Schongauer, Martin — • German painter and engraver, b. at Colmar between 1445 and 1450; d. probably in 1491, it is believed at Breisach Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Schongauer, Martin — born 1445/50, Colmar, Alsace died Feb. 2, 1491, Breisach, Baden German painter and printmaker. Though a prolific painter whose panels were sought in many countries, it was as an engraver that he was unrivaled in northern Europe. His engravings,… …   Universalium

  • Schongauer, Martin — (born between 1435 and 1450; died 1491)    Alsatian painter and engraver, trained by his father, a goldsmith of Colmar. He is one of the most important German painters of the late Gothic period. As an apprentice he may have traveled in Spain and… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Schongauer, Martin — (1445/50, Colmar, Alsacia–2 feb. 1491, Breisach, Baden). Pintor y grabador alemán. Aunque fue un pintor prolífico, cuyos paneles eran requeridos en muchos países, su trabajo como grabador logró un reconocimiento incomparable en el norte de Europa …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Martin Schongauer — Büste Schongauers i …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Schongauer — Martin Schongauer Martin Schongauer (statue par Bartholdi (1860), à Colmar) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Martin Schongauer —     Martin Schongauer     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Martin Schongauer     (Also known as SCHON).     German painter and engraver, b. at Colmar between 1445 and 1450; d. probably in 1491, it is believed at Breisach. He was the son of Caspar… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Schongauer — Schongauer,   Martin, genannt M. Schön, Bel Martino, Beau Martin [bomar tɛ̃], Maler und Kupferstecher, * Colmar um 1450, ✝ Breisach 2. 2. 1491; Sohn des aus einer Augsburger Familie stammenden Goldschmieds Caspar Schongauer (in Colmar nachweisbar …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Schongauer — Schongauer, Martin, Maler und Kupferstecher, wegen der Anmut seiner Schöpfungen Hipsch Martin oder Schön genannt, geboren vor 1450 in Kolmar, bildete sich nach Roger van der Weyden und starb 2. Febr. 1491 in Breisach. Sein Hauptwerk in der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • SCHONGAUER (M.) — SCHONGAUER MARTIN (1435 env. 1491) Peintre et graveur allemand de la seconde moitié du XVe siècle. La date de naissance de Schongauer est inconnue et a donné lieu à de longues discussions; on s’accorde aujourd’hui assez généralement à penser… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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